"Junior" Kimbrough

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David "Junior" Kimbrough (July 28, 1930 – January 17, 1998) was an American blues musician. His

best known work included "Keep Your Hands Off Her" and "All Night Long"



Kimbrough began playing guitar in his youth, and counted Lightnin' Hopkins as an early influence.

In the late 1950s he began playing in his own style, which made use of mid-tempo rhythms and a

steady drone he played with his thumb on the bass strings of his guitar. This style would later be

cited as a prime example of regional north hill country blues. His music is characterized by the

tricky syncopations between his droning bass strings and his mid-range melodies. His soloing style

has been described as modal and features languorous runs in the mid and upper register. The

result was described by music critic Robert Palmer as "hypnotic". In solo and ensemble settings it

is often polyrhythmic, which links it explicitly to the music of Africa. Fellow North Mississippi

bluesman and former Kimbrough bassist Eric Deaton has suggested similarities between Junior

Kimbrough's music andMalian bluesman Ali Farka Touré's. Music journalist Tony Russell stated "his

raw, repetitive style suggests an archaic forebear of John Lee Hooker, a character his music

shares with that of fellow North Mississippian R. L. Burnside".


Junior Kimbrough was born in Hudsonville, Mississippi, and lived in the North Mississippi Hill

Country near Holly Springs. His father was a guitarist and a barber, and Junior picked his guitar as

a child.[4] He was apparently influenced by elder guitarists Mississippi Fred McDowell and Eli Green, the latter of which carried a reputation of a

dangerous voodoo man.In 1966 Kimbrough traveled to Memphis, Tennessee from his home in North Mississippi and recorded for the R&B/gospel

producer and owner of the Goldwax record label, Quinton Claunch. Claunch was a founder of Hi Records and is known as the man that gave James

Carr and O.V. Wright their start. Kimbrough recorded one session at American Studios. Claunch declined to release the recordings, deeming them

too country. Some forty years later, Bruce Watson of Big Legal Mess Records approached Claunch to buy the original master tapes and the rights to

release the recordings made that day. These songs were released by Big Legal Mess Records in 2009 as First Recordings. Kimbrough's debut

release was a cover version of Lowell Fulson's "Tramp" released as a single on independent label Philwood in 1967. On the label of the record

Kimbrough's name was spelled incorrectly as Junior Kimbell and the song "Tramp" was listed as "Tram?" The b-side was "You Can't Leave Me".

Among his other early recordings are two duets with his childhood friend Charlie Feathers in 1969. Feathers counted Kimbrough as an early

influence and Kimbrough gave Feathers some of his earliest lessons on guitar.


Kimbrough recorded very little in the 1970s, contributing an early version of "Meet Me in the City" to a European blues anthology. With his band,

the Soul Blues Boys, Kimbrough recorded again in the 1980s for High Water, releasing a single in 1982 ("Keep Your Hands Off Her" b/w "I Feel

Good, Little Girl"). Playing then were bassist John Scales and drummer Calvin Jackson. The label recorded a 1988 session with Kimbrough and the

Soul Blues Boys (this time bassist Little Joe Ayers and drummer "Allabu Juju"), releasing it in 1997 with his 1982 single as "Do The Rump" In 1987

Kimbrough had his New York debut with the Lincoln Center.[


Kimbrough came to national attention in 1992 with his debut album, All Night Long.[3] Robert Palmer produced the album for Fat Possum, recording

it in Kimbrough's old juke joint, a building near Holly Springs that used to be achurch,[9] with Junior's son Kent "Kinney" Kimbrough (aka Kenny

Malone) on drums and R. L. Burnside's son Garry Burnside on bass guitar. The album featured many of his most celebrated songs, including the title

track, the complexly melodic "Meet Me In The City," and "You Better Run" a harrowing ballad of attempted rape. All Night Long earned near-

unanimous praise from critics, receiving four stars in Rolling Stone. His stock continued to rise the following year after live footage of him playing

"All Night Long" in one of his juke joints appeared in the Robert Mugge directed, Robert Palmer narrated film documentary, Deep Blues: A Musical

Pilgrimage to the Crossroads. This performance was actually recorded earlier in 1990.


Beginning around 1992, Kimbrough operated a juke joint known as "Junior's Place" in Chulahoma, Mississippi, which attracted visitors from around

the world, including members of U2, Keith Richards, and Iggy Pop. In this period he recorded for the Fat Possum Records label. Labelmate R. L.

Burnside, and the Burnside and Kimbrough families often collaborated on musical projects.


A second album for Fat Possum, Sad Days, Lonely Nights, followed in 1994. A video for the album's title track featured Kimbrough, Garry Burnside

and Kent Kimbrough playing in Kimbrough's juke joint. The last album he would record, Most Things Haven't Worked Out, appeared on Fat Possum

in 1997. Following his death in 1998 in Holly Springs, Fat Possum released two posthumous compilation albums of material Kimbrough recorded in

the 1990s,God Knows I Tried (1998) and Meet Me in The City (1999). A greatest hits compilation, You Better Run: The Essential Junior Kimbrough,

followed in 2002. Fat Possum also released a tribute album, Sunday Nights: The Songs of Junior Kimbrough, in 2005, which featured Iggy & The

Stooges (Kimbrough once toured with frontman Iggy Pop), The Black Keys and Mark Lanegan. The Black Keys have released an album composed

entirely of covers of Junior's music, Chulahoma. Richard Johnston, a Kimbrough protégé, keeps this musical tradition alive with one of Junior's sons,

via live performances on Beale Street in Memphis.


Junior Kimbrough died of a heart attack in 1998 in Holly Springs following a stroke, at the age of 67. According to his artist bio on the Fat

Possum Records website, he is survived by his claimed 36 children. He is buried outside his family's church, the Kimbrough Chapel Missionary

Baptist Church near Holly Springs. Rockabilly musician and friend Charlie Feathers called Kimbrough "the beginning and end of all music." This is

written on Kimbrough's tombstone. Kimbrough's sons, musicians Kinney and David Malone Kimbrough, kept "Junior's Place" open following his

death, until it burned to the ground on April 6, 2000.



The Forum post is edited by bninna Aug 12 '15
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