B.B. King

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B.B. King

Riley B. King (September 16, 1925 – May 14, 2015), known by his stage name B.B. King, was an

American blues singer, songwriter, and guitarist.

 

Rolling Stone ranked King No. 6 on its 2011 list of the 100 greatest guitarists of all time. King

introduced a sophisticated style of soloing based on fluid string bending and shimmering vibrato that

influenced many later electric blues guitarists.[3] King was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

in 1987 and is considered one of the most influential blues musicians of all time, earning the nickname

"The King of the Blues", and one of the "Three Kings of the Blues Guitar" along with Albert and Freddie.

King was known for performing tirelessly throughout his musical career, appearing at more than 200

concerts per year on average into his 70s.[7] In 1956, he reportedly appeared at 342 shows.

 

King died at the age of 89 in Las Vegas, Nevada on May 14, 2015 from complications of Alzheimer's

disease along with congestive heart failure and diabetic complications.

 

Early life

Riley B. King was born on September 16, 1925,on a cotton plantation called Berclair, near the town of

Itta Bena, Mississippi, the son of sharecroppers Albert and Nora Ella King. He considered the nearby

city of Indianola, Mississippi to be his home. When Riley was 4 years old, his mother left his father for

another man, so the boy was raised by his maternal grandmother, Elnora Farr, in Kilmichael,

Mississippi.

While young, King sang in the gospel choir at Elkhorn Baptist Church in Kilmichael. King was attracted to the Pentecostal Church of God in Christ

because of its music. The local minister lead worship with a Sears RoebuckSilvertone guitar. The minister taught King his first three chords.  It

seems that at the age of 12 he purchased his first guitar for $15.00,] although another source indicates he was given his first guitar by Bukka

White, his mother's first cousin (King's grandmother and White's mother were sisters).]

 

In November 1941 "King Biscuit Time" first aired, broadcasting on KFFA in Helena, Arkansas. It was a radio show featuring the Mississippi Delta

blues. King listened to it while on break at a plantation. A self-taught guitarist, he then wanted to become a radio musician.[16]

 

In 1943, King left Kilmichael to work as a tractor driver and play guitar with the Famous St. John's Quartet of Inverness, Mississippi, performing at

area churches and on WGRM in Greenwood, Mississippi.

 

In 1946, King followed Bukka White to Memphis, Tennessee. White took him in for the next ten months. However, King returned to Mississippi

shortly afterward, where he decided to prepare himself better for the next visit, and returned to West Memphis, Arkansas, two years later in 1948.

He performed on Sonny Boy Williamson's radio program on KWEM in West Memphis, where he began to develop an audience. King's appearances

led to steady engagements at the Sixteenth Avenue Grill in West Memphis and later to a ten-minute spot on the Memphis radio station WDIA. The

radio spot became so popular that it was expanded and became the Sepia Swing Club.

 

Initially he worked at WDIA as a singer and disc jockey, gaining the nickname "Beale Street Blues Boy", which was later shortened to "Blues Boy"

and finally to B.B. It was there that he first met T-Bone Walker. King said, "Once I'd heard him for the first time, I knew I'd have to have [an

electric guitar] myself. 'Had' to have one, short of stealing!

 

Career

1949–2005

In 1949, King began recording songs under contract with Los Angeles-based RPM Records. Many of King's early recordings were produced by Sam

Phillips, who later founded Sun Records. Before his RPM contract, King had debuted on Bullet Records by issuing the single "Miss Martha King"

(1949), which did not chart well. "My very first recordings [in 1949] were for a company out of Nashville called Bullet, the Bullet Record

Transcription company," King recalled. "I had horns that very first session. I had Phineas Newborn on piano; his father played drums, and his

brother, Calvin, played guitar with me. I had Tuff Green on bass, Ben Branch on tenor sax, his brother, Thomas Branch, on trumpet, and a lady

trombone player. The Newborn family were the house band at the famous Plantation Inn in West Memphis.

 

Performing with his famous guitar, Lucille

King assembled his own band; the B.B. King Review, under the leadership of Millard Lee. The band initially consisted of Calvin Owens and Kenneth

Sands (trumpet), Lawrence Burdin (alto saxophone), George Coleman (tenor saxophone),[27] Floyd Newman (baritone saxophone), Millard Lee

(piano), George Joyner (bass) and Earl Forest and Ted Curry (drums). Onzie Horne was a trained musician elicited as an arranger to assist King

with his compositions. By his own admission, King could not play chords well and always relied on improvisation.

 

King's recording contract was followed by tours across the United States, with performances in major theaters in cities such as Washington, D.C.,

Chicago, Los Angeles, Detroit, and St. Louis, as well as numerous gigs in small clubs and juke joints of the southern United States. During one show

in Twist, Arkansas, a brawl broke out between two men and caused a fire. He evacuated along with the rest of the crowd but went back to retrieve

his guitar. He said he later found out that the two men, who died in the blaze, were fighting over a woman named Lucille. He named the

guitarLucille as a reminder not to fight over women or run into any more burning buildings.

 

Following his first Billboard Rhythm and Blues chart number one, "3 O'Clock Blues" (February 1952),] B.B. King became one of the most important

names in R&B music in the 1950s, amassing an impressive list of hits[24] including "You Know I Love You", "Woke Up This Morning", "Please Love

Me", "When My Heart Beats like a Hammer", "Whole Lotta Love", "You Upset Me Baby", "Every Day I Have the Blues", "Sneakin' Around", "Ten Long

Years", "Bad Luck", "Sweet Little Angel", "On My Word of Honor", and "Please Accept My Love". This led to a significant increase in his weekly

earnings, from about $85 to $2,500,] with appearances at major venues such as the Howard Theater in Washington and the Apollo in New York, as

well as touring the entire "Chitlin' circuit". 1956 became a record-breaking year, with 342 concerts booked and three recording sessions.[34] That

same year he founded his own record label, Blues Boys Kingdom, with headquarters at Beale Street in Memphis. There, among other projects, he

produced artists such as Millard Lee and Levi Seabury In 1962, King signed to ABC-Paramount Records, which was later absorbed into MCA Records,

and which itself was later absorbed into Geffen Records. In November 1964, King recorded the Live at the Regal album at the Regal Theater  King

later said that Regal Live"is considered by some the best recording I've ever had . . . that particular day in Chicago everything came together . .

 

B.B. King performs in Germany in 1971

From the late 1960s, new manager Sid Seidenberg pushed King into a different type of venue as blues-rock performers like Clapton and Paul

Butterfield were popularizing an appreciation of blues music among white audiences.[

 

King gained further visibility among rock audiences as an opening act on the Rolling Stones' 1969 American Tour. He won a 1970 Grammy Award

for the song "The Thrill Is Gone";[38]his version became a hit on both the pop and R&B charts. It also gained the number 183 spot in Rolling Stone

magazine's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.[39]

 

King was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1980, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987, and the Official Rhythm & Blues Music Hall of Fame

in 2014. In 2004, he was awarded the international Polar Music Prize, given to artists "in recognition of exceptional achievements in the creation

and advancement of music.

 

King performing in New York in the late 1980s

From the 1980s to his death in 2015, he maintained a highly visible and active career, appearing on numerous television shows and performing 300

nights a year. In 1988, King reached a new generation of fans with the single "When Love Comes to Town", a collaborative effort between King and

the Irish band U2 on their Rattle and Hum album. In December 1997, he performed in the Vatican's fifth annual Christmas concert and presented his

trademark guitar "Lucille" to Pope John Paul II. In 1998, he appeared in The Blues Brothers 2000, playing the part of the lead singer of the Louisiana

Gator Boys, along with Eric Clapton, Dr. John, Koko Taylor and Bo Diddley. In 2000, he and Clapton teamed up again to record Riding With the King,

which won a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album.[

 

Discussing where he took the Blues, from "dirt floor, smoke in the air" joints to grand concert halls, King said the Blues belonged everywhere

beautiful music belonged. He successfully worked both sides of the commercial divide, with sophisticated recordings and "raw, raucous" live

performance.

 

2006–2015: farewell tour and later activities

In 2006, King went on a "farewell" world tour, although he remained active afterward during the last years of his life. The tour was partly supported

by Northern Irish guitarist Gary Moore, with whom King had previously toured and recorded, including the song "Since I Met You Baby". It started in

the United Kingdom, and continued with performances in the Montreux Jazz Festival and in Zürich at the Blues at Sunset. During his show in

Montreux at the Stravinski Hall he jammed with Joe Sample, Randy Crawford, David Sanborn, Gladys Knight, Leela James, Andre Beeka, Earl

Thomas, Stanley Clarke, John McLaughlin, Barbara Hendricks and George Duke.

 

B.B. King at Roy Thomson Hall, Toronto, Ontario, May 2007

In June 2006, King was present at a memorial of his first radio broadcast at the Three Deuces Building in Greenwood, Mississippi, where an official

marker of the Mississippi Blues Trail was erected. The same month, a groundbreaking was held for a new museum, dedicated to King, inIndianola,

Mississippi. The B.B. King Museum and Delta Interpretive Center opened on September 13, 2008.

 

In late October 2006, King recorded a concert album and video entitled B.B. King: Live at his B.B. King Blues Clubs in Nashville and Memphis. The

four-night production featured his regular B.B. King Blues Band and captured his show as he performed it nightly around the world. Released in

2008, it was his first live performance recording in over a decade

 

In 2007, King played at Eric Clapton's second Crossroads Guitar Festival and contributed the songs "Goin' Home", to Goin' Home: A Tribute to Fats

Domino (with Ivan Neville's DumpstaPhunk) and "One Shoe Blues" to Sandra Boynton's children's album Blue Moo, accompanied by a pair of sock

puppets in a music video for the song.

 

European Tour 2009, Vienna, July 2009

In the summer of 2008, King played at the Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival in Manchester, Tennessee, where he was given a key to the city.]Also

in 2008, he was inducted into the Hollywood Bowl Hall of Fame.

 

King performed at the Mawazine festival in Rabat, Morocco, on May 27, 2010 In June 2010, King performed at the Crossroads Guitar Festival with

Robert Cray, Jimmie Vaughan, and Eric Clapton. He also contributed to Cyndi Lauper's album Memphis Blues, which was released on June 22, 2010

 

President Barack Obama and B.B. King singing "Sweet Home Chicago" on February 21, 2012

In 2011, King played at the Glastonbury Music Festival, and in the Royal Albert Hall in London, where he recorded a concert video.

On February 21, 2012, King was among the performers of "In Performance at the White House: Red, White and Blues", during which

PresidentBarack Obama sang part of "Sweet Home Chicago".[ King recorded for the debut album of rapper and producer Big K.R.I.T., who also hails

from Mississippi. On July 5, 2012, King performed a concert at the Byblos International Festival in Lebanon.

 

On May 26, 2013, King appeared at the New Orleans Jazz Festival.

On October 3, 2014, not feeling well enough, King had to stop his live performance at the House of Blues in Chicago, Illinois. A doctor diagnosed

King with dehydration and exhaustion, and the eight remaining shows of his ongoing tour had to be cancelled. King didn't schedule any additional

shows for the remainder of the year.

 

Equipment[edit]

For more information about King's guitar, see Lucille (guitar).

 

"When I sing, I play in my mind; the minute I stop singing orally, I start to sing by playing Lucille.

B.B. King used simple equipment. He played guitars made by various manufacturers early in his career: he played a Fender Telecaster on most of

his recordings with RPM Records (USA). However, he was best known for playing variants of the Gibson ES-355. In 1980, Gibson Guitar Corporation

launched the B.B. King Lucille model. In 2005, Gibson made a special run of 80 Gibson Lucilles, referred to as the "80th Birthday Lucille", the first

prototype of which was given as a birthday gift to King, and which he used thereafter.

 

King used a Lab Series L5 2×12" combo amplifier and had been using this amplifier for a long time. It was made by Norlin Industries for Gibson in

the 1970s and 1980s. Other popular L5 users are Allan Holdsworth and Ty Taborof King's X. The L5 has an onboard compressor, parametric

equalization, and four inputs. King also used a Fender Twin Reverb.

 

He used his signature model strings "Gibson SEG-BBS B.B. King Signature Electric Guitar Strings" with gauges: 10–13–17p–32w–45w–54w and

D'Andrea 351 MD SHL CX (Medium 0.71mm, Tortoise Shell, Celluloid) Picks

 

B.B. King's Blues Club 

 

Sign outside B.B. King's Blues Club on Beale Street, Memphis

In 1991, B.B. King's Blues Club opened on Beale Street in Memphis, and in 1994, a second club was launched at Universal City Walk in Los Angeles.

A third club in New York City's Times Square opened in June 2000. Two further clubs opened at Foxwoods Casino in Connecticut in January 2002 and

another in Nashville in 2003 Another club opened in Orlando in 2007. A club in West Palm Beach opened in the fall of 2009 and an additional one,

based in the Mirage Hotel, Las Vegas, opened in the winter of 2009.

 

Television and other appearances

King made guest appearances in numerous popular television shows, including The Cosby Show, The Young and the Restless, General Hospital, The

Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Sesame Street, Married... with Children, Sanford and Son, and Touched by an Angel. He also had a cameo in the movies

Spies Like Us, Heart and Souls and Blues Brothers 2000. He voiced a character in the last episode of Cow and Chicken.

 

In 2000, the children's show Between The Lions featured a singing character named "B.B. the King Of Beasts", modeled on the real King.

A feature documentary about King narrated by Morgan Freeman and directed by Jon Brewer was released on October 15, 2012

King appeared twice on the PBS television series Austin City Limits, in 1983 and 1996.

 

Commercials

King, who was diabetic, appeared in several television commercials for OneTouch Ultra in the 2000s and early 2010s. He appeared in a 2014

commercial for the Toyota Camry with his guitar Lucille.

 

Personal life

King was married twice, to Martha Lee Denton, 1946 to 1952, and to Sue Carol Hall, 1958 to 1966. The failure of both marriages has been

attributed to the heavy demands made on the marriage by King's 250 performances a year It is reported that he fathered 15 children with several

different womenHe lived with diabetes for over 20 years and was a high-profile spokesman in the fight against the disease, appearing in

advertisements for diabetes-management products along with American Idol season nine contestant Crystal Bowersox.

 

King was an FAA certificated private pilot and learned to fly in 1963 at what was then Chicago Hammond Airport in Lansing, Illinois. He frequently

flew to gigs but in 1995 his insurance company and manager asked him to fly only with another certified pilot. As a result, he stopped flying around

the age of 70.

King was a Christian.[

 

 

King's favorite singer was Frank Sinatra. In his autobiography he spoke about how he was a "Sinatra nut" and how he went to bed every night

listening to Sinatra's classic album In the Wee Small Hours. During the 1960s Sinatra had arranged for King to play at the main clubs in Las Vegas.

He credited Sinatra for opening doors to black entertainers who were not given the chance to play in "white-dominated" venues.[

 

Philanthropy

In 2002, King signed on as an official supporter of Little Kids Rock, a nonprofit organization that provides free musical instruments and instruction

to children in underprivileged public schools throughout the United States. He sat on the organization's Honorary Board of Directors.

Illness and death

                Wikinews has related news:Blues musician B.B. King dies aged 89

After the cancellation of the remaining eight shows of his 2014 tour because of health problems, King announced on October 8, 2014, he was back

at home to recuperate On May 1, 2015, after two hospitalizations caused by complications from high blood pressure and diabetes, King announced

on his website that he was in hospice care at his home in Las Vegas,Nevada. He died in his sleep on May 14, 2015 at age 89.[

 

King's cause of death was determined to be multi-infarct dementia, brought on by a series of small strokes caused by type 2 diabetes However, two

of his daughters alleged that King was deliberately poisoned by two associates trying to induce diabetic shock. The Clark County coroner's office

confirmed on May 25, 2015, that it was performing an autopsy on King's body and conducting a homicide investigation with the Las Vegas

Metropolitan Police Department, although CNN reported that initial indications did not support the notion of foul play. The autopsy revealed King's

death was of complications of Alzheimer's disease and congestive heart failure, with no evidence of poisoning.

 

Funeral and burial

On May 27, 2015, King's body was flown to Memphis. The funeral procession led down Beale Street, with a brass band marching in front of the

hearse, playing "When the Saints Go Marching In", as mourners called out "BB". Rodd Bland, son of the late blues singer Bobby "Blue" Bland,

carried the latest iteration of King's famous guitar "Lucille." Thousands lined the streets to pay their last respects. His body was then driven down

Route 61 to his hometown of Indianola, Mississippi

 

On May 29, 2015, King's body was laid out, in a purple satin shirt and a floral tuxedo jacket, flanked by two black Gibson guitars, at the B.B. King

Museum and Delta Interpretive Center, in Indianola. Fans lined up to view his open casket.

On May 30, 2015, King's funeral was held at the Bell Grove Missionary Baptist Church in Indianola, Mississippi. He was buried at the museum.

 

 

 

 

The Forum post is edited by bninna Aug 12 '15
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Laisa Beck
Laisa Beck Apr 16

My grandpa was also in hospice care in his last days (he wished it). His pre-active stage lasted for about 3 weeks. I know this situation and have seen how uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to complications. By the way, I'm running a medical devices store if anyone of you here needs it then visit the MDF Instruments coupons to buy a sphygmomanometer and digital blood pressure monitors at discount prices.

The Forum post is edited by Laisa Beck Apr 16
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